ทดลองเล่นฟรี 500 _เล่นสล็อตผ่านแท็บเล็ต_คาสิโนออนไลน์แจกเครดิตฟรี_โบนัสฟรี 500 _ตู้สล็อต ออนไลน์
Amendment 48 was a 2008 ballot measure in Colorado that sought to define a fertilized egg as a person with full legal rights in the state constitution. The Coalition for Secular Government vigorously opposed this "personhood" measure. Happily, Colorado voters rejected it resoundingly: 73% against and 27% in favor.
In 2010, these "personhood" advocates presented Colorado voters with a very similar ballot measure: Amendment 62. Once again, Colorado voters rejected "personhood" resoundingly: 71% against and 29% in favor.
The 'Personhood' Movement Is Anti-Life
For an in-depth discussion of the moral and practical wrongs of these attempts to grant zygotes and fetuses legal rights, as well as a vigorous defense of the view that rights begin at birth, please read The 'Personhood' Movement Is Anti-Life: Why It Matters that Rights Begin at Birth, Not Conception by Ari Armstrong and Diana Hsieh (Ph.D.), published in August 2010 by the Coalition for Secular Government.
by Ari Armstrong and Diana Hsieh, Ph.D.
Published on August 31, 2010
- Amendment 48 Is Anti-Life: Why It Matters That a Fertilized Egg Is Not a Person by Ari Armstrong and Diana Hsieh, August 19, 2008
- There's Nothing Wrong with Abortion, But 48 Is Wrong by Diana Hsieh in the Rocky Mountain News on November 3, 2008
- Abortion Is a Woman's Right by Diana Hsieh in the Pagosa Daily Post on October 23, 2008
- Faith-based Politics Costs Colorado Republicans by Ari Armstrong in the Capitalism Magazine on October 15, 2008
- Why Amendment 48 Is Polling 39 Percent by Diana Hsieh in the Pagosa Daily Post on October 10, 2008
- Abortion and Abolition by Diana Hsieh and Ari Armstrong in the Boulder Weekly on October 9, 2008
Letters to the Editor
- Van Horn Opinion Misses the Point by Gideon Reich in the Pagosa Daily Post on October 29, 2008
- Eggs Aren't People by Diana Hsieh in the Colorado Daily on October 7th, 2008
- Amendment 48 Would Fabricate Rights for Fertilized Eggs by Diana Hsieh in the Grand Junction Sentinel on September 30th, 2008
- Amendment 48, the 'Personhood' Measure by Gina Liggett in the Denver Post on September 29th, 2008
- Fate of Her Unborn up to Each Woman by Tom Hall in the Rocky Mountain News on September 29th, 2008
- Amendment 48 Smoke Screen by Ari Armstrong in the Pagosa Daily Post on September 19th, 2008
- 'Personhood Amendment' Morally Wrong by Diana Hsieh in the Vail Daily on June 19th, 2008
- Personhood Amendment by Diana Hsieh in the Denver Post on June 8th, 2008
- Nearly 40% of Colorado Voters Seek to Destroy Reproductive Rights: October 7th, 2008 (PDF)
- New Issue Paper: Amendment 48 Is Anti-Life: August 19th, 2008 (PDF)
- For Atheists, Politics Proves to Be a Lonely Endeavor by Samuel Freedman, "On Religion," New York Times, October 17th, 2008
- No on Amendment 48, editorial in Grand Junction Free Press, October 10th, 2008
Vote NO on Amendment 48
The following information about Amendment was written for before the 2008 election.
Colorado's Amendment 48 is the 2008 ballot measure that would define a fertilized egg as a person with full legal rights in the Colorado constitution. (Read the full text.) If passed and implemented, it would pose a grave threat to the life, liberty, health, and happiness of the women and men of Colorado.
- Amendment 48 would make abortion first-degree murder, except perhaps to save the woman's life. First-degree murder is defined in Colorado law as deliberately causing the death of a "person," a crime punished by life in prison or the death penalty. So women and their doctors would be punished with the severest possible penalty under law for terminating a pregnancy -- even in cases of rape, incest, and fetal deformity.
- Amendment 48 would ban any form of birth control that might sometimes prevent the implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterus -- including the birth control pill, morning-after pill, and IUD. The result would be many more unintended pregnancies and unwanted children in Colorado.
- Amendment 48 would ban in vitro fertilization because the process usually creates more fertilized eggs than can be safely implanted in the womb. So every year, hundreds of Colorado couples would be denied the joy of a child of their own.
Amendment 48 would have severe legal consequences for Colorado. Men and women would be legally bound to sacrifice themselves for the sake of a zygote -- even before it implants in the womb, even before it develops any recognizable human form, even before it has any capacity for awareness. The people of Colorado would be forced to sacrifice themselves based on the faith-based fiction that zygote is the equal of a born baby.
The common claim that "life begins at conception" cannot justify Amendment 48. The fact that something is human and alive does not make it a person. Every cell in our body is both human and alive, yet we don't worry about giving blood for testing or scraping off a few skin cells in a fall. A fertilized egg is distinctive because, in addition to being alive and human, it might develop into a born baby given the right conditions. What supporters of Amendment 48 cannot show, however, is that a potential baby has the moral status of an actual baby. The difference between them is enormous.
An embryo or fetus is wholly dependent on the woman for its basic life-functions. It goes where she goes, eats what she eats, and breathes what she breathes. It lives as an extension of her body, contained within and dependent on her for its survival. It is only a potential person, not an actual person. That situation changes radically at birth. The newborn baby exists as a distinct organism, separate from his mother. Although still very needy, he lives his own life. He is a person -- and individual. His life must be protected as a matter of right.
Consequently, when a woman chooses to terminate a pregnancy she does not violate the rights of any person. Instead, she is exercising her own rights over her own body -- likely in pursuit of her own health, well-being, and happiness. Amendment 48 would destroy those rights in Colorado.
For a detailed analysis of Amendment 48, download and read the Coalition for Secular Government's issue paper by Ari Armstrong and Diana Hsieh: Amendment 48 Is Anti-Life: Why It Matters That a Fertilized Egg Is Not a Person.
Amendment 48 is based on sectarian religious dogma, not objective science or philosophy. It is a blatant attempt to impose theocracy in Colorado. Please vote NO on 48!